The griffon vulture is a species that, despite its wide distribution across Africa, Europe and Asia, sees a population with a low density and is classified as “Least Concern” in the IUCN Red List. The causes of threat of this species are to be attributed mainly to the control that humans want to exercise on vultures, always persecuted because of false popular beliefs. In fact, many birds are killed by the poison placed in carcasses. Another threat is linked to the scarce presence of food, as animals that die in the wild are less and less thanks to a great control over domestic fauna and appropriate veterinary care. Also, illegal hunting threats their survival. This has caused widespread population decline, leading to the extinction of the species in some areas such as the French Alps. Today conservation programmes are implemented on one hand to introduce new individuals in areas where they were historically present, on the other hand to raise awareness among the local population.