In the 80s the number of wild giraffes in all Africa was estimated to 155,000. Today the Giraffe Conservation Foundation estimates that the current population is approximately around 111,000, a 30% decline. The giraffe (Giraffa Camelopardalis) is classified as “Vulnerable” in the IUCN Red List and counts a total of eight subspecies with different conservation status, from least concern to critically endangered. Recent studies carried out by GCF and partners have however identified four distinctive species: the Masai giraffe, the northern one, the southern giraffe and the reticulated, in turn divided into various subspecies. Four are the main threats to their survival: habitat loss through deforestation, expansion of agricultural activities and human population growth, civil unrest like ethnic violence and military and paramilitary operation, poaching, and ecological changes.