The Bactrian camel (Camelus ferus) was historically found in the area between the Yellow river great bend and central Kazakhstan. In time, populations became more fragmented and now the species occupies only the arid regions of Gobi Desert and Gashum Gobi Desert, in the north western part of China and Mongolia. In the last 50 years the wild population has suffered a reduction of more than 80% and today the species I s classified as “Critically Endangered” in the IUCN Red List. The main threat is hunting, mainly due to competition for water and grazing with domestic camels and livestock. Hybridization with the domestic camel is another important threat to the survival of the Bactrian camel, as well as the expansion of human activities.
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