Parco Natura Viva hosts Italy’s largest collection of lemurs (and one of the largest populations in Europe) with a total of 7 species, including the smallest lemur of Madagascar: the grey mouse lemur. In 2010 a new area was realised in the Park entirely dedicated to Madagascar, with on one side new lemur and tortoise exhibits characterized by semi-enatural barriers where animals can perform species-specific behaviours, and on the other the reproduction of Madagascar’s typical village with huts and Maromizaha Multipurpose Centre. In proximity of the Centre another exhibit was built for the “Lemur that is not here”: the indri. This species is listed as “Critically Endangered” in the IUCN Red List and it’s also one of the few species that is not possible to manage and breed in captivity due to its delicate eco-ethology. All Madagascar’s species housed in Parco Natura Viva are included in European management and breeding programmes, such as EEP and ESB. Furthermore, the Park has been entrusted with the ESB managment program of the ring-tailed lemur (Lemur catta).